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This precision, combined with the rounded corners of the blocks, the variety of their interlocking shapes, and the way the walls lean inward, is thought to have helped the ruins survive devastating earthquakes in Cuzco.The longest of the three walls is about 400 meters. The estimated volume of stone is over 6,000 cubic meters.is a citadel on the northern outskirts of the city of Cusco, Peru, the historic capital of the Inca Empire.Sections were first built by the Killke culture about 1100; they had occupied the area since 900.Descriptions of the siege, as well as excavations at the site, had recorded towers on the summit of the site, as well as a series of other buildings.For example, Pedro Sancho, who visited the complex before the siege, mentions the labyrinth-like quality of the complex and its many storage rooms filled with a wide variety of items.
The whole fortress was built up in terraces and flat spaces." The numerous rooms were "filled with arms, lances, arrows, darts, clubs, bucklers and large oblong shields...there were many morions...there were also...certain stretchers in which the Lords travelled, as in litters." Much of the fighting occurred in and around Sacsayhuamán, as it was critical to maintaining control over the city.They are believed to have been built by the Killke culture, which preceded the Inca.